How to Read a Weaving Draft

To understand a weaving draft, imagine that you are floating above your loom looking straight down at it. A weaving draft is the graphic representation of what you would see. There are 4 parts to the weaving draft: the tie-up, the threading, the treadling and the draw down.

How to read a weaving draft

The tie up grid is usually located in a corner between the threading and treadling grids. It tells you which treadles get attached to which shafts.

How to read a weaving draft tie up explanation

The threading order grid, usually located at the top, is the horizontal grid for your warp. It tells you which colored yarns go in a heddle on which shafts.

How to read a weaving draft threading order explanation

The vertical grid is your treadling order. It refers to your weft. It tells you which treadle is pressed and which color yarn is used in the shed created by pressing that treadle.

How to read a weaving draft treadling explanation

The draw down is a representation of the woven threads. It gives you an idea of what the design might look like.

How to read a weaving draft draw down explanation

I will be including an instructional video in the near future, but for now, I hope these diagrams help you understand a little more than you did before you got here. :) Happy Weaving!

Margeaux Ulbrich

thank you -new weaver, I cannot find information on how to tell whether a draft is for a "table loom"- up shaft. or other type that is a down shaft. One article said that X & O distinguished the two, what if the tie-up boxes are solid black.

Published on April 07th, 2020 - 08:12 AM, from Florissant CO

Thank you, you explain things that a child could understand. I have just acquired an old George Wood dobby loom and was wondering were to start! and I think that learning to read a draft is a good start.

Published on February 10th, 2020 - 11:41 AM, from Lancashire
Judy Fortune

I understand reading the threading, tie up, treadling, and repeats within the treadling BUT, Then what, bottom to top, then bottom to top again, and repeat always going bottom to top over and over?

Published on November 18th, 2019 - 11:58 AM, from Indiana

Very helpful! Simple and very clear for a visual learner.

Published on October 21th, 2019 - 11:25 AM, from SF: East Bay
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